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Manage your Fibromyalgia yourself,its Easy to handle Now,Precaution Symptoms,treatment and Phases

The question, “What is fibromyalgia?” is a complicated one that doctors and patients have been trying for decades to answer.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes intense pain all over the body, as well as a host of other symptoms. It affects more than 6 million people in the United States.

Doctors classify fibromyalgia as a syndrome, which means it has a group of signs, symptoms and characteristics that occur together.

To make a diagnosis, doctors usually rely on signs and symptoms alone. Complicating the matter, symptoms vary widely from person to person, as do their intensity.

Symptoms

People with fibromyalgia frequently hurt all over and feel exhausted all the time. Those symptoms often force you to seriously limit your physical activity. It’s also common to have problems concentrating and remembering things. A lot of people with fibromyalgia have symptoms so severe that they have to quit or modify their jobs.

Because fibromyalgia is frequently misunderstood, family, friends, co-workers and even medical providers may not believe the person is actually sick. A proper diagnosis often takes months.

Adding to these considerable frustrations, it can be difficult or impossible to qualify for Social Security Disability benefits. That’s in large part because it used to be commonplace for doctors to mislabel any chronic pain of unknown origin as fibromyalgia, and the diagnosis is still misused somewhat today.

Keep in mind that the signs and symptoms vary widely from one person to another. Some people have only a few, while others have many. The intensity of symptoms is different in everyone as well, ranging from mildly annoying to highly debilitating.

Common symptoms include:

  • Widespread pain
  • Morning stiffness
  • Fatigue
  • Unrefreshing sleep
  • Anxiety
  • Cognitive or memory impairment (“fibro fog”)
  • Depression
  • Abdominal complaints, including irritable bowel syndrome

Frequently, people with undiagnosed fibromyalgia don’t realize that a host of secondary symptoms are related to the pain, fatigue and other primary symptoms. Keeping a detailed list of symptoms can help your doctor make a diagnosis.

Additional fibromyalgia symptoms include:

  • Painful menstrual cramps
  • Vision problems
  • Nausea and dizziness
  • Weight gain
  • Chronic headaches
  • Skin, hair and nail problems
  • Muscle twitches and feelings of weakness

These lists include the most common symptoms. For a complete symptoms list, see the Monster List of Fibromyalgia Symptoms.

Treatments

While a lot of fibromyalgia treatments are available, you’ll likely need to experiment with different options before you find what works best for you.

Fibromyalgia treatment options include:

  • Prescription drugs
  • Complementary/alternative treatments, including massage and physical therapy, chiropractic, and acupuncture
  • Vitamins and supplements
  • Moderate exercise, but only if done correctly
  • Lifestyle changes, including diet, stress management, and pacing

Every case of fibromyalgia is different, and no treatment works for everyone.

You’ll probably need to work closely with your doctor to custom tailor a treatment regimen that helps you become more functional. Many people benefit from a multidisciplinary approach, which involves several healthcare providers.

The Prognosis

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition. While some people do experience long remissions, no one who’s had fibromyalgia can truly say they don’t have it any more.

As for the progression of the illness, it’s hard to say whether your symptoms will get better or worse with time. Because fibromyalgia isn’t degenerative, its course isn’t clearly established like it is for many diseases.

Some experts say about a third of us will get worse, a third will improve significantly, and the remaining third will stay about the same. Some studies have linked early diagnosis and treatment to better long-term outcomes, but other than this it’s unclear what role treatment plays in the progression, or lack thereof, of fibromyalgia.

Overlapping Conditions

As if all this weren’t enough, several other conditions frequently go along with fibromyalgia. Researchers aren’t sure whether one condition leads to another or whether they have related underlying causes. Becoming familiar with the symptoms of these disorders can help you determine whether you have more than one.

Overlapping conditions include:

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ)
  • Multiple chemical sensitivity
  • Myofascial pain syndrome
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Costochondritis (chest pain)

History

Doctors coined the term fibromyalgia (fibro = fibrous tissue, my = meaning muscle, algia = pain) in 1976, but it wasn’t until 1990 that the American College of Rheumatology developed diagnostic criteria. While muscle pain is the primary symptom, research found that nothing is wrong with the muscles themselves.

For a time, researchers thought it could be an autoimmune disease, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. Now it’s widely believed in the medical community that a malfunction of the central nervous system (called central sensitization) causes fibromyalgia, leading to new research into treatments and new hope that fibromyalgia will be not only more treatable, but perhaps even curable.

To date, three drugs — Lyrica (pregabalin), Cymbalta (duloxetine), and Savella (milnacipran) — are FDA approved for treating fibromyalgia, but many other drugs are prescribed off label.

Learn more:

  • The History of Fibromyalgia

Common Fibromyalgia Terms

Click on the terms below to learn more about them:

  • Central Sensitization
  • Flare-ups
  • Serotonin
  • Substance P
  • Tender points

For more terms related to fibromyalgia, see the Fibromyalgia & Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Glossary.

Sources:

2002-2007 Hearthstone Communications Ltd

hamptonbaymedicalnews.com

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A Recipe To Make Cannabis Oil For A Chemotherapy Alternative

Awareness with regards to cannabis as a treatment and potential cure for cancer has been rapidly increasing over the past few years. Several studies over the last decade have clearly (without question) demonstrated the anti-tumoral effects of the plant. Cannabinoids (any group of related compounds that include cannabinol and the active constituents of cannabis) activate cannabinoid receptors in the body. The human body itself produces compounds called endocannabinoids and they play a very important role in many processes within the body to help create a healthy environment.

Since radiation and chemotherapy are the only two approved treatments for cancer, it’s important to let people know that other options do exist. There’s nothing wrong with exploring these options and finding out more information about them so people can make the best possible choice for themselves. It’s always important to do your own research.

A number of people have used this treatment to help treat their cancer. The latest article we wrote is a great example (amongst many), where a 9-year-old girl used cannabis to cure her cancer. You can read more about that HERE.

Below are some links to articles that have sourced studies and provide more human cases as examples. For more information you can browse through our website:

  • 20 Medical Studies That Prove Cannabis Can Cure Cancer
  • Teenage Girl Uses Cannabis To Treat Leukaemia & Great Results Were Seen
  • Molecular Biologist Explains How THC Completely Kills Cancer
  • Studies Show Cannabis Relieves Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease
  • Cannabis is Key to Good Health When We Eat it vs. Smoke it
  • Oregon’s Youngest Medical Cannabis Patient is Curing Her Cancer – See How She’s Doing It

As more become aware of the healing power that this plant has, the next question to be asked is how is it used? Linked above (second from the top) is an article titled “Teenage Girl Uses Cannabis To Treat Leukaemia & Great Results Were Seen,” you can click on the case study embedded within the article and email the doctors, hopefully they can answer your questions if it is an emergency.

The article highlighted in the second paragraph about the 9-year-old girl who used cannabis to treat her cancer has a link to her website. Click HERE to go there. It goes through all the steps they took, they titled it “Making Medical Marijuana 101.”

So, you can start there. Another option that seems to be quite popular is Rick Simpson’s Hemp Oil. He is a medical marijuana activist who has been providing people with information about the healing potentials of Hemp Oil medications for quite some time. His inspiration came from his own experience when he cured himself of a metastatic skin cancer in 2003.

Again, I just want to help others further their research on how to do it. You can try contacting the doctors mentioned in the paragraph above, you can take a look at the way 9-year-old Mykyala (also mentioned in above paragraphs) did it and you can check out Rick Simpson’s way. Hopefully this will lead you to what you are looking for. Feel free to also contact me with any questions or concerns. 

Here is Rick Simpson’s Hash Oil Recipe:
(HERE is his website)

To make Rick Simpson’s hash oil, start with one ounce of dried herb. One ounce will typically produce 3-4 grams of oil, although the amount of oil produced per ounce will vary strain to strain. A pound of dried material will yield about two ounces of high quality oil.

IMPORTANT: These instructions are directly summarized from Rick Simpson’s website. Be VERY careful when boiling solvent off [solvent-free option], the flames are extremely flammable. AVOID smoking, sparks, stove-tops and red hot heating elements. Set up a fan to blow fumes away from the pot, and set up in a well-ventilated area for whole process.

1. Place the completely dry material in a plastic bucket.

2. Dampen the material with the solvent you are using. Many solvents can be used [solvent-free option]. You can use pure naphtha, ether, butane, 99% isopropyl alcohol, or even water. Two gallons of solvent is required to extract the THC from one pound, and 500 ml is enough for an ounce.

3. Crush the plant material using a stick of clean, untreated wood or any other similar device. Although the material will be damp, it will still be relatively easy to crush up because it is so dry.

4. Continue to crush the material with the stick, while adding solvent until the plant material is completely covered and soaked. Remain stirring the mixture for about three minutes. As you do this, the THC is dissolved off the material into the solvent.

5. Pour the solvent oil mixture off the plant material into another bucket. At this point you have stripped the material of about 80% of its THC.

6. Second wash: again add solvent to the mixture and work for another three minutes to extract the remaining THC.

7. Pour this solvent oil mix into the bucket containing the first mix that was previously poured out.

8. Discard the twice washed plant material.

9. Pour the solvent oil mixture through a coffee filter into a clean container.

10. Boil the solvent off: a rice cooker will boil the solvent off nicely, and will hold over a half gallon of solvent mixture. CAUTION: avoid stove-tops, red hot elements, sparks, cigarettes and open flames as the fumes are extremely flammable.

11. Add solvent to rice cooker until it is about ¾ full and turn on HIGH heat. Make sure you are in a well-ventilated area and set up a fan to carry the solvent fumes away. Continue to add mixture to cooker as solvent evaporates until you have added it all to the cooker.

12. As the level in the rice cooker decreases for the last time, add a few drops of water (about 10 drops of water for a pound of dry material). This will help to release the solvent residue, and protect the oil from too much heat.

13. When there is about one inch of solvent-water mixture in the rice cooker, put on your oven mitts and pick the unit up and swirl the contents until the solvent has finished boiling off.

14. When the solvent has been boiled off, turn the cooker to LOW heat. At no point should the oil ever reach over 290˚ F or 140˚ C.

15. Keep your oven mitts on and remove the pot containing the oil from the rice cooker. Gently pour the oil into a stainless steel container

16. Place the stainless steel container in a dehydrator, or put it on a gentle heating device such as a coffee warmer. It may take a few hours but the water and volatile terpenes will be evaporated from the oil. When there is no longer any surface activity on the oil, it is ready for use.

17. Suck the oil up in a plastic syringe, or in any other container you see fit. A syringe will make the oil easy to dispense. When the oil cools completely it will have the consistency of thick grease.

For even further information, check out Rick’s written recipe here.
For dosage information, please click here. But remember, consult a physician and do your research before you do anything to make sure you understand how everything functions.

http://phoenixtears.ca/make-the-medicine/

 

Doctors and scientists Now Agree : Rick Simpson Healed 5.000 People from Cancer: This Is a Recipe That Kills Tumors in 90 Days

Hemp or cannabis oil was used by numerous people for centuries, but it was banned in the second half of the 20th century, as a result of the rise of the billion-dollar pharmaceutical industry.
Rick Simpson is a mechanical engineer and a self-taught doctor, who was diagnosed with skin cancer in 2002 and fought this disease using this miraculous oil. Nowadays, he is one of the greatest world activists for legalization of hemp oil. Using this treatment, he has cured over 5,000 people.
Source: Viral Alternative News

He attended a debate organized in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia, on this topic. He states that hemp or cannabis oil can cure a vast variety of serious health issues, like diabetes, arteriosclerosis, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, asthma, psoriasis, as well as some of the deadliest forms of cancer.
Rick recounted his story to the Serbian magazine Telegraph “I always tell people – Cannabis will cure you, and you will see that at present, it is the best cure there is in the world!”
He began his story:

It was 2002. The doctors had given up on me because I’d had more than one unsuccessful operation on three pigmented lesions on my face’s skin. As soon as these were removed, they would reappear even more infected! Since I had been studying plants as a hobby for years, one day as I was looking at my wounds in the mirror, I remembered a study from the University of Virginia that said that THC, an active component of cannabis could cure cancer. I took some cannabis oil I had prepared beforehand from the cabinet and dripped a few drops directly on the wound.”

No significant results could be noticed at first. He bandaged his wounds again after applying the oil and waited for few days.
Then, he went on: “After four days I removed the bandages and I couldn’t believe my eyes! The wound was no longer there, and my skin was regenerated! I immediately started talking to people about how I had cured skin cancer with cannabis oil… Everyone laughed at me, but then eleven and a half years have passed, and the cancer still hasn’t returned.”

Read More Article about Rick Simpson:

Cure Cancer With Cannabis THC, Not CBD Says Rick Simpson

From then on, Simpson decided to help people in need for this cure, and his work resulted in thousands of cases effectively solved. His last case was an 80-year-old man who was dying from lung cancer.

The man was all swollen from chemotherapy, open wounds on his legs and was barely breathing! After the doctors had given him no more than 48 hours, his son brought him to me. As I had recommended cannabis oil therapy, the young man had also consulted his father’s doctor. The doctor, of course, rejected such treatment, so in the end the young man took the oil from me, soaked a small cracker in it and gave it to his father.”

In less than thirty minutes, the old man finally started breathing normally again and his breathing completely stabilized during the night.

Although the doctors “explained” that before death, his vital functions would return briefly, his son didn’t want to wait any longer so he checked his father out of the hospital the next morning. He also stopped all of his father’s prescribed therapy. After six weeks of cannabis oil treatment, the old man no longer needed insulin, and after three months he was completely cured from cancer,” says Rick.

Moreover, he stated that cannabis oil therapy is equally effective in all cases, for it knows no age limit. It can even be given to babies.
In order to supply fresh raw ingredients for his hemp oil, Rick soon started growing marijuana, but his field was raided four times in three years by the police.
People who publicly claim to cure cancer are threatened 5-40-year imprisonment, according to laws in North America.
So, Jack was imprisoned for four days in Canada in 2005, for cultivating, owning and selling marijuana. However, at one point he was liable for 12 year imprisonment. He was fined 2,000 dollars.

The worst of all was that the jurors were people whose dearest I had cured with cannabis oil. Even the judge knew it was all a farce! At one point he even told me that I should be rewarded, instead of tried! All knew, and no one could do anything! They didn’t even allow ten patients I have cured to testify! They also didn’t allow the doctors to come out on the bench, nor me to show a pile of medical documents about the effects of my oil. If you don’t know the meaning of a “coward court,” go to Canada and you will see what I mean,” claims Jack.

Rick claims that he has never sold weed, but only hemp oil, and as he was deeply disappointed by the Canadian government and corrupted doctors, he even put the recipe for hemp oil on the web page phoenixtears.ca.
According to him, the preparation of this miraculous oil is extremely easy. Simpson’s treatment starts with several drops of hemp oil three times a day.

The usual dose I give to cancer patients is 60 grams within 90 days. And, it is never too late for the patient to start cannabis oil therapy. There isn’t such an excuse as, “It is late”… If you ask me, if I approve of smoking marijuana, I will tell you it isn’t as effective as cannabis oil, but it is scientifically proven that people who smoke marijuana live six years longer than those who don’t.”

Moreover, he adds that as opposed to Europe, North America still puts a blind eye when it comes to legalization of cannabis. He believes that every country in the world should allow their citizens to cultivate and use cannabis for medical purposes. He also points out that pharmacies should be opened for those who can’t cultivate it.

Little is known that cannabis has been used as one of the most healing remedies hundreds of years before Christ. In the ancient Persian religious scripts, which among other things describe the most healing herbs, cannabis takes the first place,” concludes Rick.

His biggest wish and goal is to live in a world without cancer.

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10 diseases where medical marijuana could have impact.Must Watch

CNN)Dr. Sue Sisley noticed an unexpected trend among her patients. The psychiatrist works with veterans who struggle with post-traumatic stress disorder, also known as PTSD. Many don’t like how they feel on all the meds they take to manage their anxiety, sleeplessness, depression and the flashbacks.

“There’s just a few medications on the market that work, and even these can be inadequate,” Sisley said. “They end up getting stuck on eight, 10, 12 different medications, and after taking so many, suddenly they’re like zombies.”
Some of these patients though were starting to feel better. They also seemed much more present. She wanted to know what was making a difference. They told her they found an alternative to all those medicines.
They were self-medicating with marijuana.
“I was really stunned and more and more patients were coming out of the shadows and disclosing to me that they were having some useful experiences with the marijuana plant,” Sisley said.
She appreciated the progress they said they were making, but like any good scientist she didn’t want to rely on anecdotal evidence. She wanted documented proof, clinical trials of large patient populations that run in the gold standard of a peer-reviewed journal that marijuana was the right approach to treating PTSD, or any other ailment for that matter. People use it to treat a variety of medical issues, such as multiple sclerosis, arthritis, epilepsy, glaucoma, HIV, chronic pain, Alzheimer’s, cancer and others.
With medical marijuana legal in nearly half of the states, more doctors are wondering what impact this drug really has on people. They ask for dosage information. They want to know about its long-term impact on patients.
Sisley looked for answers to these questions in medical research, but she didn’t see much. When she decided to do the studies herself and applied for federal approval, she was met with miles of red tape and resistance — like many other researchers before her.
That’s because marijuana is one of the tightest-controlled substances under federal law. The U.S. government considers it a Schedule I drug, meaning the Drug Enforcement Administration considers it to have no medical value. It’s right up there with heroin and LSD. To do research on marijuana, scientists need approval from several federal departments. And that approval is rare.
Most marijuana studies focus on the harm caused by the plant. The studies on its medicinal qualities are small, early stage or observational at best. “Mainstream physicians won’t come near the stuff, even if they hear that it works, because without the research, without it approved in legitimate practice guidelines, they are going to worry about their license and their professionalism,” Sisley said. “That’s why it is key to have randomized control trials for this to work.”
A bipartisan bill — from Rand Paul, R-Kentucky, Cory Booker, D-New Jersey, and Kirsten Gillibrand, D-New York — called the Compassionate Access, Research Expansion, and Respect States Act of 2015 was introduced in the Senate in March that would ease some of those restrictions and make it easier to study the drug. But the legislation is in committee at the moment. If it does ever pass, and scientists can begin studying the drug in earnest, there are several areas they may target in addition to PTSD.
Here are 10 of them, based on the ailments people commonly use medical marijuana to treat. Again, because there is such limited research on this topic, these areas are based on results that CNN would typically not report on because the work is in a far too early stage to see if it really works. But that is the point some doctors and medical researchers are making.
AIDS/HIV
In a human study of 10 HIV-positive marijuana smokers, scientists found people who smoked marijuana ate better, slept better and experienced a better mood. Another small study of 50 people found patients that smoked cannabis saw less neuropathic pain.
Alzheimer’s
Medical marijuana and some of the plant’s chemicals have been used to help Alzheimer’s patients gain weight, and research found that it lessens some of the agitated behavior that patients can exhibit. In one cell study, researchers found it slowed the progress of protein deposits in the brain. Scientists think these proteins may be part of what causes Alzheimer’s, although no one knows what causes the disease.
Arthritis
A study of 58 patients using the derivatives of marijuana found they had less arthritis pain and slept better. Another review of studies concluded marijuana may help fight pain-causing inflammation.
Asthma
Studies are contradictory, but some early work suggests it reduced exercise-induced asthma. Other cell studies showed smoking marijuana could dilate human airways, but some patients experienced a tight feeling in their chests and throats. A study in mice found similar results.
Cancer
Animal studies have shown some marijuana extracts may kill certain cancer cells. Other cell studies show it may stop cancer growth, and with mice, THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, improved the impact of radiation on cancer cells. Marijuana can also prevent the nausea that often accompanies chemotherapy treatment used to treat cancer.
Chronic pain
Some animal and small human studies show that cannabinoids can have a “substantial analgesic effect.” People widely used them for pain relief in the 1800s. Some medicines based on cannabis such as Sativex are being tested on multiple sclerosis patients and used to treat cancer pain. The drug has been approved in Canada and in some European countries. In another trial involving 56 human patients, scientists saw a 30% reduction in pain in those who smoked marijuana.
Crohn’s disease
In a small pilot study of 13 patients watched over three months, researchers found inhaled cannabis did improve life for people suffering from ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. It helped ease people’s pain, limited the frequency of diarrhea and helped with weight gain.
Epilepsy
Medical marijuana extract in early trials at the NYU Langone Medical Center showed a 50% reduction in the frequency of certain seizures in children and adults in a study of 213 patients recently.
Glaucoma
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness. Scientists have looked at THC’s impact on this disease on the optic nerve and found it can lower eye pressure, but it may also lower blood pressure, which could harm the optic nerve due to a reduced blood supply. THC can also help preserve the nerves, a small study found.
Multiple sclerosis
Using marijuana or some of the chemicals in the plant may help prevent muscle spasms, pain, tremors and stiffness, according to early-stage, mostly observational studies involving animals, lab tests and a small number of human patients. The downside — it may impair memory, according to a small study involving 20 patients.

Why I’m Staying With You, Boston

(Lance Anderson/Unsplash)

Dear Boston,

Last Friday morning, left out in the cold by the Orange Line, waiting for a shuttle bus to appear at Wellington Station, shivering in the merciless polar air with hundreds of other stranded commuters, I thought about leaving you.

I wondered what it might be like to shack up in another city where the trains and buses not only run on time, but where they run.

This moment of civic temptation opened the floodgates of fantasy.

I longed for the elation one must experience in cities where the rent for a modest three-bedroom apartment (with roommates) is low enough to leave the average resident with enough leftover cash for groceries, the utility bills and a few nights out on the town.

I marveled at the fact that a night on the town in most U.S. cities can be considerably cheaper thanks to the existence of happy hour, and a lot sexier too. While you still force clubs to obtain cabaret licenses to play music that people might want to dance to, many other cities have moved on and let fun happen.

But what really blew my mind was imagining the other folks one might encounter at any given watering hole or dancehall in another city: imagining what the late night crowd could look and sound like in an urban area without a such a grotesque history of racial segregation and discrimination.

I’ve lived with you for most of my adult life, and in that time, I have utterly failed to encourage you to evolve …

It would be a lot easier for you if people like me just packed their bags and hit the road. Many people are leaving you — particularly the working classes, the young and the artistically-minded. I’ve watched it happen for all the years we’ve been together. Once-proud and hopeful residents slip through your fingers each week, but you never seem to reflect. You simply turn your attention to the next wave of residents who’ve come here for jobs in healthcare, education and tech. You woo them, use them and when they’ve had their fill — when they finally realize not only how screwed up you are, but how deadset you appear to be against reckoning with any of their reasonable grievances — you don’t even try to convince them to stay.

I know this sounds harsh — frankly, a lot of it should — but what I’m going to tell you next may surprise you.

I am at fault for letting this happen.

I’ve lived with you for most of my adult life, and in that time, I have utterly failed to encourage you to evolve: to become the city that so many of my neighbors and I sincerely want you to be. The city that we know you can be.

When the MBTA ground to a standstill during the winter of 2015, we should have been out in the streets and at the doors of the State House calling for renewed public transit investment and a 21st-century public transit system that runs as smoothly and reliably as the T once did. But we weren’t.

When the police began escalating their crackdowns on DIY indie music events in Allston — the same neighborhood in which Aerosmith began shredding guitars nearly 50 years ago — we should have talked about what kind of ripple effect this could have for culture and creativity in Boston. But we still haven’t.

When a WBUR poll revealed that affordable housing was the most important issue for Boston voters in 2017 — particularly for communities of color and, in theory, white liberals who stand in solidarity with those communities — we all should have paid more attention to the mayoral candidate (and Roxbury native) who challenged Marty Walsh’s mediocre record on addressing the issue. But we didn’t.

Today, and going forward, the complacency stops. Say goodbye to the days of being enabled by those of us who should have been boosting you to do better. I know you can be rather provincial, but if you’ve looked outward to the expanse of America anytime since January 20th, 2017 — the day that Donald Trump moved into the White House — you’ve no doubt noticed something beautiful and exciting happen in countless cities and towns: Millions of common curmudgeons like me are finally connecting the dots of civic engagement. They’re finally realizing that regular people can change their environment by doing things like participating in local elections, showing up at town halls, and simply talking more about the issues that matter: at work, at the bar or with strangers on a moderately delayed train.

So there you have it, Boston. Not only am I staying, but I’ve never been more excited for a new year with you like I am for 2018.

Things around here are going to change.

I’m not going to let you down again.

 

Breaking News and Latest Update : The case for Donald Trump’s mental fitness

(CNN)In the wake of three days of erratic behavior and amid the controversy caused by a book suggesting he is forgetful and dismissed by many who work for him, questions of President Donald Trump’s mental competence are everywhere.

At Thursday’s press briefing, White House press secretary Sarah Sanders called the idea that Trump was mentally unfit for the job “disgraceful and laughable.” She added: “If he was unfit, he probably wouldn’t be sitting there, wouldn’t have defeated the most qualified group of candidates the Republican Party has ever seen.”
While it’s far from a determinative explanation from Sanders, she does have a point. And the point is this: Trump is who he has always been.
Think about the sorts of behaviors that Trump’s critics point to as examples of his lack of mental competence or deteriorating mental state:
  • He is impetuous
  • He is quick to anger
  • He appears unengaged in details
  • He keeps erratic hours
  • He says things that are provably false
  • He has an exaggerated — and grandiose — vision of his own life
  • He punishes enemies
There are others, of course. But these, I think, broadly cover the competence critique made against Trump.
Now, go back over that list. And ask yourself whether any of those behaviors are new since Trump has been elected president.
While you’re doing that, let me remind you that Trump did the following things as either a candidate or private citizen:
Those are the ones I came up with off the top of my head. There are scores of others examples just like them.
There is a clear pattern of behavior there that long predates Trump’s time in the White House or even his decision to run for president. Trump is today who he has been the entirety of his adult life.
That is a person that many Americans find to be loathsome. Or incompetent. Or mentally unwell.
He is also the person who 62,984,825 people, or 46.09% of US voters in 2016, supported — and those people happened to live in just the right states for Trump to win the electoral college even while losing the popular vote by a historic margin.
Given his prominence in the culture and the incredibly high profile of the 2016 presidential race, it’s very tough for me to believe that the people who voted for Trump did so without knowing who he really was. The Trump on the campaign trail — full of bravado, fiercely unapologetic, dramatic, obsessed with victimization — was the Trump of the wheeling-and-dealing 1980s. It was the Trump of the reality TV show years. And it is the Trump of the White House.
The obvious pushback to this argument is that simply because Trump’s behavior isn’t inconsistent with who he has been his entire life doesn’t mean that he is mentally well enough to hold the office of the presidency.
Fair enough. I am not a psychologist or a psychiatrist, so diagnosing what, if anything, has long been wrong with Trump mentally (and if that impedes his ability to do the job) is well beyond my skill set.
But what seems clear — at least to me — is that the case for some sort of mental deterioration from Trump since he has been in office simply isn’t there.
Is it possible Trump has sunk more into his ways and habits (and insecurities) as he continues to age? Sure — since lots and lots of people do exactly that as they get older.
However, he appears to be acting as President how he has always acted. And that is who got elected President — like it or, more likely, hate it.

Anxiety Is An Invalid Excuse: A Year Later

By Kelly Wynne,

Anxiety is a natural force, a tool in our expansive supply of defenses. It’s innate. It’s historic. It’s the tiny little voice in between your stomach and your ribs that tells you not to touch a hot stove, not to trust that new friend. It’s normal; but for some of us, anxiety is stomach-turning, sickness-invoking, over-dramatic manifestations of some unwarranted dread, leading back to an unidentifiable cause or a timeless confrontation. It knocks us down and puts us in bed, unable to breathe or think or move. It causes us to lose a part of ourselves instead of protecting it.

A year ago, I released a piece of writing titled Anxiety Is An Invalid Excuse. I wrote the piece of prose in a moment of extreme panic. It was the first time I was able to channel my anxiety into something productive rather than curl up in a ball and wait for my lack of breath to pass. It was a piece I was, and still am, incredibly proud of. It’s cliche, but a lot can change in a year, and I believe writing that piece was foreshadowing a lot. To all that read it, shared it, found your own voice in it, thank you. I think it’s time to catch you up.

The past year has been filled with some of my most trying moments, and ultimately, some of the best. Spoiler: I’m living well with a hold on my anxiety and panic disorder I never imagined I’d have. But it’s taken an incredible amount of work to get there. From therapy to outrageous amounts of self-reflection, I’ve become a new person, one who can find calm in most triggering situations and one who constantly forgets to bring her pill-stash with in case of emergency. That Xanax in my bag hasn’t been touched in nearly six months. It’s still unbelievable to me.

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Clearly, while writing Anxiety Is An Invalid Excuse my mental health wasn’t in the best place; but my day to day life was in order. I was having panic attacks monthly, and still in a headspace to combat them consciously. I was fulfilling my schoolwork to the best of my potential (despite commonly missing class, which my teachers understood), and had just landed my dream internship at Rolling Stone. After publishing the article and receiving thousands of direct responses, I felt less alone: I felt on top of the world. That feeling lasted a few weeks before the weight of it all kicked in.

Putting my story into the world was ballsy. I have, for a long time now, been seen as the internet’s “anxiety girl.” It’s something I’ve been alright with because I do feel the platform I created was able to help a large amount of people. The messages I received explained estranged family members reconnecting over a new understanding of mental illness and tips on how to combat daily jitters. I felt a community forming, one that wasn’t afraid to speak out about their struggles. It ultimately inspired me to try talk therapy, which has been life-changing in the most therapeutic way. (I know, I know. But what better word is there to explain therapy than therapeutic?) But there were also messages that spoke of suicide, lost friends and lost minds. There were powerful stories that stuck with me and made me evaluate the mild conditions of my own circumstances. While the community was growing, so was my recognition that the severity of anxiety for its victims expanded far past my own understanding. My case, while poetically severe, was just a small pinch of the possibilities.

When I came home to Chicago for winter break, I was worn down. I had recently found a section of the internet that wasn’t as supportive of my point of view. Comments on my piece like “This is why parents should hit their kids,” poked at my heart and made me doubt my own understanding. Around the same time, the piece was plagiarized by two sources, and I realized how deflating the feeling of stolen work can be. I made a conscious choice to forget these events and pretend they didn’t happen. Meanwhile, my anxiety was growing. I reached a point where I was unable to drive, full-on panicking at nearly every red light. When it came time to return to New York, I knew in my gut I shouldn’t go. I postponed my flight twice before finally getting on a plane and resuming classes.

Between my time spent at my internship and in classes, I was dedicating the majority of my week to work. It was a schedule that didn’t allow for much self-care. Well, it probably could have. But I didn’t acknowledge that possibility. I was up at six and home by eight. I’d get into bed, watch Netflix, go to sleep and do it all over again. I wasn’t writing aside from work and school. I wasn’t reading, I wasn’t even participating in my cherished skincare routines. I was simply getting by, slowly losing pieces of myself. I kept giving: to work, to my internship, to my friends. I was applying my energy everywhere except where it needed to be: on myself.

Without my self-care routines in place, I started to fall apart. A physical health issue was the last straw. I was in pain. I was tired. I was alone in New York and I just needed support. I was unable to leave my dorm room for a week. I tried to walk three blocks to get a cupcake, a last minute attempt at doing something nice for myself, but only a block away from home, I fell on the ground outside of a Duane Reade, took a Xanax, and waited until I could walk the two minutes back to my bed. I called my parents that night, embarrassed of giving up my independence and ashamed of admitting I needed help. My mom was on a plane out two days later, and by the weekend I was back in Chicago, somehow convincing my teachers to let me work remotely and figure out my mental health.

I never knew the definition of a “mental breakdown.” I guess I still don’t. But what I experienced was indescribable to anyone who has not felt it themselves. I felt a physical energy building in my body. It eventually reached my head. I felt like shaking, jumping, running. I tried, but the energy would not release. It was stacked so tightly, I felt I might explode. I couldn’t breathe right. I couldn’t stop crying. I seriously considered the cost of hospitalization and what that would mean for the end of my school year. I have never felt so hopeless, so alone and small at the foot of something so extreme. Admitting I needed help was the best thing I could have done, because I honestly don’t know what would have happened if I didn’t.

The steps I took from there were immediate. I met with my therapist for the first time that Monday and kept up with weekly sessions. The success I found wasn’t necessarily overnight, but it came quickly because of my willingness to externalize my deep, unconscious thoughts. I unlocked a part of myself, and my therapist was able to connect the dots I couldn’t see. We came to realizations together, from triggering events in my early life to what kinds of things make me panic now. I impulsively stopped taking my medication (something you’re not supposed to do…talk to your doctor before attempting, please) and felt better than I did on it. I began to envision my anxiety as a physical presence, from color to shape to feel. I identified the ones I’d felt before, immediately invalidating their power and coming to a peaceful state of mind with the idea that they wouldn’t hurt me. I started to do this in every situation and instead of panicking, I now simply feel the anxiety, acknowledge it, and watch it leave.

With this new mindset, I went back to New York, finished my semester, and enjoyed my time there. I spent more time exploring and more time on public transportation. I pushed my comfort zone to the best of my ability and finally felt comfortable. I returned to Chicago, proud of my comeback, but craving some of the self-attention I’d been lacking in the prior year. I decided on taking a semester off to write, which I’ve been doing successfully now for the past three months. Day by day I feel more like myself. I’ve gained a new level of self-respect, a new understanding for my conditions, and a confidence in my ability to take care of myself.

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I believe one of the most important parts of my recovery was coming to terms with my anxiety and understanding where it came from. Being able to take steps back in my life in order to identify causes of current triggers was eye-opening. It was difficult: seeing it clearly from my adult perspective makes me wish I could go back and fix it all. But being honest with myself has been enough to help me develop a stronger mindset and negate many of the instances that have caused me hardships.

Learning to love yourself is hard. It’s never been something I felt I needed – for most of my life I’ve felt alright with who I am as a person, but in the past months I’ve learned we all need to work on it, to learn to cherish ourselves and every bump in the road, no matter how minuscule or pointless the struggle may seem. In doing this, I’ve gained some of the best aspects of my life. From a boyfriend who plays with my hair when those rare glimpses of unstable mind come to light, to losing the friends that never understood it at all, I’m now surrounded by a team that supports me and how far I’ve come. I’m dedicated to my path, no matter how difficult it may be at times. Of course, I’m expecting waves in my stability, though now more than ever, I’m confident I can handle any day or hour, and succeed to my full ability through any discomfort.

To all of my readers who relate, I hope you find this too. It can be done. Just focus on yourself.

Anxiety Is An Invalid Excuse.

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Twitter: kellywynne23

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About Author:

Kelly Wynne Kelly is a 20-year-old writer from Chicago, IL who specializes in entertainment reviews.

Find Your Native American Zodiac Symbol & Its Meaning!

Native American animal symbols can encompass just about all the animals and their symbolic representation to the many tribes of the Americas.

 

Many Native American cultures have the belief that a person is assigned an animal at the time of birth. Find yours!

 

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January 20th through February 18th – The Otter

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The Otter
● Colors – Silver
● Personality traits – Independent and friendly
● Compatible with – Raven, Falcon, and deer
● Best day: Saturday
● Best time of the day: between 11 am and 1 pm, between 11 pm and 1 am

Yes, the Otter has an unusual way of looking at things, but he/she is equipped with a brilliant imagination and intelligence, allowing him/her an edge over everyone else.
Often very perceptive and intuitive, the Otter makes a very good friend and can be very attentive.
In a nurturing environment, the Otter is sensitive, sympathetic, courageous, loyal and honest.
If you are looking for a friend, look no further than someone born under the sign of the Otter. Otters pay great attention, are very supportive, understanding, brave, and truthful.

February 19th through March 20th – The Wolf

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The Wolf
● Colors – Blue-green
● Personality traits – Gentle and generous
● Compatible with – Woodpecker, brown bear, and snake
● Best day: Thursday
● Best time of the day: between 1 and 3 pm

Passion and emotion are the hallmarks of the Wolf.
Deeply emotional, and wholly passionate, the Wolf is the lover of the zodiac in both the physical and philosophical sense of the word.
The Native American sign that is most attuned to the heart and philosophy, the Wolf understands the emotional needs of everyone around him/her and is perfectly willing to provide love.
The Wolf understands that all we need is love, and is fully capable of providing it.
When it comes to nurturing, the Wolf is full of passion, willing to give, deeply loving, and most of all gentle.

▶ Share the result and recommend the test to your friends to enjoy with them! 🙂

March 21st through April 19th – The Falcon

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The Falcon
● Colors – Yellow or green
● Personality traits – Powerful and spontaneous
● Compatible with – Salmon or owl
● Best day: Tuesday
● Best time of the day: between 3 and 5 am

Naturally inclined to leadership, the Falcon always has a sharp mind when it comes to making decisions in tense situations.
Always pragmatic, this member of the Native American zodiac isn’t inclined to wasting time and always stays on target.
Keeping on task is the hallmark of the Falcon. Keenly suited for team sports, the Falcon always tends to seize any opportunity.

April 20th through May 20th – The Beaver

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The Beaver
● Colors – Yellow or blue
● Personality traits – Determined and methodical
● Compatible with – Woodpecker, brown bear or goose
● Best day: Friday
● Best time of the day: between 5 and 7 am, between 5 and 7 pm

The beaver loves being in charge but is also flexible and can adapt to any situation easily.
Mostly business, the Beaver gets the job at hand done with maximum efficiency. Strategic and cunning, the Beaver is a force to be reckoned with in matters of business and combat. One might also think twice about engaging the Beaver in a match of wits – as his/her mental acuity is razor sharp.
Under the right circumstances, Beavers can be loyal, compassionate, helpful and generous.

▶ Share the result and recommend the test to your friends to enjoy with them! 🙂

May 21st through June 20th – The Deer

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The Deer
●Colors – Yellow or blue
● Personality traits – Smart, good communicator
● Compatible with – Raven or otter
● Best day: Wednesday
● Best time of the day: between 7 and 9 am, between 7 and 9 pm

The deer in Native American mythology represents the creative influence. Witty and inspiring, the Deer also has a great sense of humor and can make almost anyone laugh. Always willing to converse, if you fall under the sign of the Deer then you are a great talker. This combined with his/her natural intelligence make the Deer a must-have guest at dinner parties!
In a supportive environment the Deer’s natural liveliness and sparkly personality radiate even more.

June 21st through July 21st – The Woodpecker

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The Woodpecker
● Colors – Pink
● Personality traits – Sympathetic and protective
● Compatible with – Snake, wolf, and beaver
● Best day: Monday
● Best time of the day between 9 and 11 am, between 9 and 11 pm

The Woodpecker is the nurturer who always has an open ear. People born under this sign are very empathetic and understanding. No other sign is as supportive. The listener, totally empathic and understanding, the Woodpecker is the one to have on your side when you need support. Of course, they make wonderful parents, and equally wonderful friends and partners.
In a nurturing environment, the Woodpecker is, of course, caring, devoted, and very romantic!

July 22nd through August 21st – The Salmon

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The Salmon
● Colors – Red
● Personality traits – Proud and confident
● Compatible with – Owl and falcon
● Best day: Saturday
● Best time of the day: between 11 am and 1 pm, between 11 pm and 1 am

Creativity is your calling card if you are born under the sign of the salmon. Salmons are also expressly focused, prone to intuitiveness, and amazingly energetic. As a Salmon, you are very confident and love to motivate.
A natural motivator, the Salmon’s confidence, and enthusiasm are easily infectious.
As a Salmon, you have many friends thanks to your intelligent, intuitive, and generous nature.

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August 22nd through September 21st – The Bear

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The Bear
● Colors – Brown, and purple
● Personality traits – Modest and practical
● Compatible with – Goose and beaver
● Best day: Wednesday
● Best time of the day: between 1 and 3 pm

Pragmatic and methodical the Bear is the one to call when a steady hand is needed.
The Bear is also gifted with an enormous heart and an inclination for generosity. However, one might not know it as the Bear tends to be very modest, and a bit shy. In a loving environment, this Native American animal symbol showers love and generosity in return. Further, the Bear has a capacity for patience and temperance, which makes him/her excellent teachers and mentors.

September 22nd through October 22nd – The Raven

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The Raven
● Colors – Blue and brown
● Personality traits – Charming and friendly
● Compatible with – Otter and deer
● Best day: Friday
● Best time of the day: between 3 and 5 pm

Highly enthusiastic and a natural entrepreneur, the Raven is quite the charmer.
As a Raven, you possess a type of easy energy that everyone relies on. As a Raven, you are quite the idealist but also calculating at the same time. Under positive circumstances, the Raven is very easy going, romantic, and almost invariably soft-spoken.
In relationships, the Raven is intuitive and patient!

▶ Share the result and recommend the test to your friends to enjoy with them! 🙂

October 23rd through November 22nd – The Snake

10

 

The Snake
● Colors – Violet or orange
● Personality traits – Ambitious and impulsive
● Compatible with – Woodpecker and wolf
● Best day: Tuesday
● Best time of the day: between 5 and 7 am, between 5 and 7 pm

Closely tied to the world of the spirit, the Snake is the traditional sign of the shaman.
Easily attuned to the ethereal realm, the Snake makes an excellent spiritual leader. Also respected for his/her healing capacities, the Snake also excels in medical professions.
There is a bit of an inclination to secrecy and darkness in the Snake, but those born under this sign can also be very caring and sensitive. In positive situations, the Snake can be humorous, helpful and inspiring.

November 23rd through December 21st – The Owl

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The Owl
● Colors – Gold or black
● Personality traits – Adventurous and independent
● Compatible with – Falcon and salmon
● Best day: Thursday
● Best time of the day: between 7 and 9 am, between 7 and 9 pm

As a rule, this sign is one of the most adaptive. Easy going, natural, and warm, the Owl is friendly to all.
The bearer of this Native American animal symbol is notorious for engaging in life at full speed, and loves adventure.
Owls make great artists, teachers, and conservationists. But because of his/her adaptability and versatility, the Owl would likely excel in any occupation. In a supportive, nurturing environment the Owl is sensitive, enthusiastic, and an attentive listener.

▶ Share the result and recommend the test to your friends to enjoy with them! 🙂

December 22nd through January 19th – The Goose

12

 

The Goose
● Colors – White and silver
● Personality traits – Serious and reliable
● Compatible with – Beaver, brown bear and raven
● Best day: Saturday
● Best time of the day: between 9 and 11 am, between 9 and 11 pm

If you want something done – give it to the Goose. Persevering and ambitious to a fault, the Goose sets goals for accomplishment, and always obtains them.
Driven is the Goose’s dominating personality trait – which makes them excellent in business and competitive sports.
There is no stopping you especially when you know that your family and friends have your back. When in a positive relationship, the Goose can be romantic, passionate, and sensual.

 

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Share with your friends to see if this suits your personality!

Depression is a physical illness which could be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs, scientists suggest

Depression could be treated using anti-inflammatory drugs, scientists now believe, after determining that it is a physical illness caused by a faulty immune system.

Around one in 13 people in Britain suffers from anxiety or depression and last year the NHS issued 64.7 million prescriptions for antidepressants, double the amount given out a decade ago.

Current treatment is largely centred around restoring mood-boosting chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin, but experts now think an overactive immune system triggers inflammation throughout the entire body, sparking feelings of hopelessness, unhappiness and fatigue.

It may be a symptom of the immune system failing to switch off after a trauma or illness, and is a similar to the low mood people often experience when they are fighting a virus, like flu.

A raft of recent papers, and unexpected results from clinical trials, have shown that treating inflammation seems to alleviate depression.

Nine-year-old descibes what living with depression is like

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Likewise when doctors give drugs to boost the immune system to fight illness it is often accompanied by depressive mood – in the same way as how many people feel down after a vaccination.

Professor Ed Bullmore, Head of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Cambridge, believes a new field of ‘immuno-neurology’ is on the horizon.

“It’s pretty clear that inflammation can cause depression,” he told a briefing in London to coincide with this week’s Academy of Medical Sciences FORUM annual lecture which has brought together government the NHS and academics to discuss the issue.

“In relation to mood, beyond reasonable doubt, there is a very robust association between inflammation and depressive symptoms.  We give people a vaccination and they will become depressed. Vaccine clinics could always predict it, but they could never explain it.

“The question is does the inflammation drive the depression or vice versa or is it just a coincidence?

“In experimental medicine studies if you treat a healthy individual with an inflammatory drug, like interferon, a substantial percentage of those people will become depressed. So we think there is good enough evidence for a causal effect.”

Scientists at Cambridge and the Wellcome Trust are hoping to begin trials next year to test whether anti-inflammatory drugs could switch off depression.

“There is evidence to suggest it should work,” added Prof Bullmore.

The immune system triggers an inflammatory response when it feels it is under threat, sparking wide-ranging changes in the body such as increasing red blood cells, in anticipation that it may need to heal a wound soon.

Scientists believe that associated depression may have brought an evolutionary benefit to our ancestors. If an ill or wounded tribal member became depressed and withdrawn it would prevent a disease being passed on.

However a link has taken so long to establish because until recently scientists believed the brain was entirely cut off from the immune system, trapped behind a ‘Berlin Wall’ known as the blood brain barrier.

But recent studies have shown that nerve cells in the brain are linked to immune function and one can have an impact on the other. Around 60 per cent of people referred to cardiologists with chest pain do not have a heart problem but are suffering from anxiety.

One in 13 people in Britain suffers from depression
One in 13 people in Britain suffers from depression Credit: Anna Gowthorpe 

Figures also show that around 30 per cent of people suffering from inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis are depressed – more than four times higher than the normal population.

Likewise people who are depressed after a heart attack are much more likely to suffer a second one, while the lifespan for people with cancer is hugely reduced for people with mental illness.

“You can’t separate the mind from the body,” said Prof Sir Robert Lechler, President of the Academy of Medical Sciences.

“The immune system does produce behaviour. You’re not just a little bit miserable if you’ve got a long term condition, there is a real mechanistic connection between the mind, the nervous system and the immune system.

“Our model of healthcare is outdated. We have a separation. Mental healthcare is delivered by mental health professionals, psychiatrists, mental health nurses and so on, often in separate premises from where physical health care is delivered and that is simply wrong and we need to find ways to ever more closely integrate and train amphibious healthcare professionals who can straddle this divide.”

Research has also shown that people who have suffered severe emotional trauma in their past have inflammatory markers in their body, suggesting their immune system is constantly firing, as if always on guard against abuse.

Dr Alan Carson, Reader in Neuropsychiatry, at the University of Edinburgh, said: “All psychiatric and neurological disorders are based in brain and brain is not static but structurally and functionally responsive to a range of biological, psychological and social issues.

“Yet institutionally we use an outmoded code which separates brain disorders into psychiatric ‘f’ codes and neurological ‘g’ codes which holds back both scientific and clinical progress.”

Stephen Buckley, Head of Information at mental health charity Mind, said more research was vital to pick apart the various causes of depression and find new treatments.

“We must acknowledge a wide range of potential causes and treatments,”  he said. “For many people, long term physical illness can cause mental health problems, such as depression. This could be because of the impact of living with the illness, the pain and discomfort or side effects of medication, among many other reasons.

“We also need to look at people’s broader experiences, their lives and other challenges they face – such as a lack of access to services, experience of abuse or trauma, poor housing and exclusion, to ensure everyone with a mental health problem gets the support they need.”

One promising treatment for depression on the horizon is the use of electrical stimulation to change the signals between the brain and the immune system.

Prof Kevin Tracey, President and CEO, of the US Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, discovered that the brain controls production of a deadly inflammatory chemical called TNF, which if released in high doses can be fatal, causing people to, literally, die of shock.

He has recently developed a electrical device which reproduces the connection and switches off the chemical. Three quarters of patients with rheumatoid arthritis recovered following trials.

“This is the tip of the iceberg of a new field called bio-electric medicine,” he said.

“This is a new way of thinking about medicine. We’re using electrons to replace drugs. This will not replace all drugs. But there will be many drugs that are either too expensive, too toxic which may be replaced by these devices.”

Trump “approval poll” offers no negative options

Last Updated Dec 30, 2017 10:52 AM EST

The joint fundraising committee of President Trump’s reelection campaign and the Republican National Committee released an “Inaugural Year Approval Poll” that offers readers no option to give a negative assessment of the president’s first year in office. The only options for “how would you rate President Trump’s first year in office” are “great,” “good,” “okay” and “other.”

Visitors are asked the same question of former President Barack Obama’s first year in office, but that question provides “poor” as an additional response option.

The only other question the survey asks is, “Do you believe the Fake News Media will fairly cover President Trump’s first year approval rating?” with the options of “yes,” “no” and “other.”

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Screenshot/CBS News

The survey from the Trump Make America Great Again Committee requires users to provide their contact information, noting in small print at the bottom of the page that by doing so the user agrees to receiving calls and texts from Trump-associated committees.

A CBS News poll released earlier this month found Mr. Trump had a 36 percent approval rating.

According to a Gallup poll released earlier this week, Obama is the “most admired” man in America, a title he’s held for the past 10 years. Of those polled, 17 percent said the former president was their top pick for the most admired person. Mr. Trump came next, with 14 percent of those polled naming him as the person they most admire.

Mr. Trump filed for reelection the day he took office on Jan. 20.